30 November 2010
I want to share ten tips on how a pregnant woman can prepare for breastfeeding.
1. DO NOT let anyone tell you it is necessary to toughen up your nipples for breastfeeding.
2. DO some reading about breastfeeding. Good choices are:
~ The Breastfeeding Book: Everything You Need to Know About Nursing Your Child from Birth Through Weaning
~ The Womanly Art of Breastfeeding: Seventh Revised Edition
~ The Nursing Mother’s Companion: Revised Edition
~ The Ultimate Breastfeeding Book of Answers: The Most Comprehensive Problem-Solving Guide to Breastfeeding from the Foremost Expert in North America, Revised & Updated Edition
3. DO NOT think you need to buy a lot of breastfeeding-related products. The great thing is all breastfeeding really requires is you and the baby!
4. DO, however, consider whether you might enjoy shopping for breastfeeding products and learn how to choose and use a breast pump safely if you will be returning to work.
5. DO NOT listen to people who pressure you to formula-feed.
6. DO attend a La Leche League meeting while you are pregnant (find a local group in the United States or other countries) and surround yourself with family, friends, and medical professionals who are supportive of breastfeeding. (If you are wondering, here’s how to pronounce “La Leche” League!)
7. DO NOT accept or keep any free formula samples “just in case.”
8. DO have the phone number of a local La Leche League leader and/or lactation consultant with you at the birth.
9. DO NOT neglect to talk to your health care providers and birth attendants about your birth plan and your desire to breastfeed.
10. DO believe in yourself! Taking these 10 steps can give you the knowledge and confidence to have a good breastfeeding experience.
This essential B vitamin is found in beans, fruits and vegetables.
Every time the body makes new cells, it needs folate, the B vitamin that’s abundant in beans, fruits and vegetables—leafy greens in particular. Folate is essential for processing vitamin B12, and recent studies suggest it might help protect against Alzheimer’s disease, colorectal cancer and strokes. Folate also helps prevent neural-tube birth defects (NTDs), such as spina bifida. In fact, since 1998 when the U.S. Food and Drug Administration began requiring enriched cereal grain products (including white flour, pasta and white rice) to be fortified with folic acid—the form of the vitamin used in supplements—the incidence of NTDs has dropped by about 25 percent.
New Research on Folate
However, new research published last January in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition provides the first inkling that folic-acid fortification may be a problem for older people. The trouble stems from the vitamin’s close relationship with vitamin B12, which your body becomes less able to process as it ages. If you are deficient in B12—a problem more common after age 55—folic-acid megadoses can mask the early symptoms that warn of the B12 deficiency. Left undetected and thus untreated, B12 deficiency can lead to irreversible nerve and brain damage.
When Martha Savaria Morris, Ph.D., and her colleagues at Tufts University reviewed data from 1,459 elderly people (average age 70) who participated in a recent federal nutrition survey, they found that about one-quarter of them were low in vitamin B12. Within this group, those who also had the highest blood levels of folate were five times more likely to have symptoms of advanced B12 deficiency—including slower responses on a standardized test that measured ability to combine numbers with symbols—than those with lower folate levels.
Ironically, some of the worst problems were seen in health-minded folks who took supplements on top of eating a variety of folic-acid enriched foods. Breakfast cereals, some fortified with 100 percent of the daily recommendation of 400 micrograms (mcg), were a particularly potent source—especially for people who, like many of us, poured themselves a bigger serving than what was specified on the cereal box. “Some people got around 1,000 mcg of folic acid from breakfast alone,” says Morris.
Bottom Line on Folate
29 November 2010
28 November 2010
26 November 2010
Extended Breastfeeding: A Growing Trend
Breastfeeding is becoming more common, especially among new mothers. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention are showing a steady growth in the number of women who begin breastfeeding their babies.
The Benefits of Breastfeeding Older Children
Criticism from the General Public
HELPING YOUR CHILD EXPRESS EMOTIONS
Young as they are, children are still capable of feeling a wide range and variety of emotions.
But because of their young age, they do not know what they are feeling and how to express it in a constructive way that they can be understood.
The right level of guidance could help your child express his emotions without having the need to get each other all frustrated and worn out.
The best way to help your child express himself is to start early. Babies and toddlers still do not have enough vocabulary to express what they are feeling.
One way to help them is to use your child’s love for pictures. Every time he’s feeling an emotion, show him a picture that corresponds to that emotion and describe it for him.
Best way to know what he’s feeling is to watch out for cues. An angry baby will frown and scream, throw toys or anything he can get his hands on. If he’s doing so, say “You look pretty angry today.
What’s the matter, can you tell mommy the reason?” Show him a picture of an angry baby and describe the emotion.
Your baby or toddler will babble it out until he gets his emotions out of his system or until you figure out what’s causing the emotion and help him do something about it.